Mechanical Engineering centers around the design, analysis, manufacture, installation and operation of machines and mechanical systems. The discipline is based around the understanding and application of solid mechanics, dynamics, fluid mechanics, controls, thermodynamics, and energy. Mechanical engineers use the basic tools of calculus-based mathematics, numerical methods, experimentation, and computer modeling and simulation in their work. The understanding of materials properties is also essential, and in recent times the importance of micro-scale and nano-scale factors has greatly increased. Today’s mechanical engineers have to understand and work with electrical systems and components integrated with mechanical elements, in areas such as mechatronics, MEMS, robotics, and sensor systems.
Other sectors offering lots of roles for mechanical engineers include pharmaceuticals, marine transportation, electronics, construction, new materials development, energy, chemicals and a wide range of manufacturing sectors. Meanwhile some mechanical engineering graduates will choose to apply their mechanical engineering skills within less closely related careers. The strong mathematics, technical, analytical and problem-solving skills acquired during a mechanical engineering degree are good preparation for roles in everything from IT support to financial consultancy.